The agreements allow sSA to add U.S. and foreign coverage credits only if the worker has at least six-quarters of U.S. coverage. Similarly, a person may need a minimum amount of coverage under the foreign system to have U.S. coverage accounted for in order to meet the conditions for granting foreign benefits. International social security agreements are beneficial for both those who work today and those whose careers are over. For current workers, the agreements eliminate the double contributions they might otherwise make to social security plans in the United States and another country. For people who have worked in the United States and abroad and are now retired, disabled or deceased, agreements often result in the payment of benefits to which the worker or family members would not otherwise be entitled. On 26 October 2016, the totalisation agreement with Romania entered a new phase – the Romanian government authorized the signing of a draft social security agreement (also known as “totalization”) with the United States. The provisions to eliminate dual coverage for workers are similar in all U.S. agreements. Each of them establishes a basic rule regarding the location of the employment of a workforce. Under this basic “territorial rule,” a worker who would otherwise be covered by both the United States and a foreign regime is subject exclusively to the coverage laws of the country in which he or she works.
Agreements to coordinate social protection across national borders have been commonplace in Western Europe for decades. This is followed by a list of the agreements reached by the United States and the effective date of each. Some of these agreements were then revised; The date indicated is the date on which the original agreement came into force. Eu rules apply to all EU Member States, i.e. where bilateral agreements exist, they are not mentioned here. You can also write to this address if you want to propose negotiating new agreements with certain countries. In developing its negotiating plans, the SSA attaches considerable importance to the interests of workers and employers who will be affected by potential agreements. Each totalization agreement has an exception for international staff. Under this exception, a person temporarily transferred to the service for the same employer in another county is covered only by the national form he or she received. Workers and employers continue to pay contributions to the national social security system. The agreements cover a period of two to five years depending on the host country and require at least one valid contribution in Canada to allow a person to receive benefits in Canada. The following lists reflect existing totalization agreements for other selected nations.
The two objectives of the totalization agreements are achieved in different ways in different agreements and make it essential to understand the concept and specifications of each home host alliance. Many totalization agreements follow the same general pattern of contribution and time. Below is a description of the types of agreements reached by some countries. If you have any questions about international social security agreements, please contact the Office of International Social Security Programs at 410-965-3322 or 410-965-7306.